Excited to release the
create-guten-block toolkit today. In this post, I am going to share what is
cgb), what is the motivation & philosophy behind building this dev-toolbox, and the story of how I am releasing it to the public after ~200 commits and ~90 version releases. Let’s start with intro first…
Your dev-environment will have everything you need to build a modern next-gen WordPress Gutenberg plugin:
- React, JSX, and ES6 syntax support.
- Webpack dev/production build process behind the scene.
- Language extras beyond ES6 like the object spread operator.
- Auto-prefixed CSS, so you don’t need
-webkit or other prefixes.
- A build script to bundle JS, CSS, and images for production with source-maps.
- Hassle-free updates for the above tools with a single dependency
The tradeoff is that these tools are preconfigured to work in a specific way. If your project needs more customization, you can “eject” and customize it, but then you will need to maintain this configuration.
- One Dependency: There is just one build dependency. It uses Webpack, Babel, ESLint, and other amazing projects, but provides a cohesive curated experience on top of them.
- No Configuration Required: You don’t need to configure anything. A reasonably good configuration of both development and production builds is handled for you so you can focus on writing code.
- No Lock-In: You can
eject to a custom setup at any time. Run a single command, and all the configuration and build dependencies will be moved directly into your project, so you can pick up right where you left off.
Well, it’s really hard to configure things like Webpack, React, ES 6/7/8/Next, ESLint, Babel, etc. before you — even start writing — a
create-guten-block hides all this configuration away in an optimized package that we call
cgb-scripts. This package is the only dependency in your projects. We keep
cgb-scripts up to date while you go ahead and create the next best WordPress themes and plugins.
“I’ve heard from several people that they’ve consolidated their companies tool dependencies into a single package and this worked really well for them.” — @Dan_Abramov
So, that’s what I dreamt about for the next couple of months. How do I solve this problem for the WordPress community, eh?
After building WPGulp and Gutenberg Boilerplate and lot of other open source software that thousands of developers are using — I started receiving lots of feedback on how it’s limiting in its architecture which is complex — and by the way, these boilerplates went stale quite a few times.
I knew this was not right.
Developers told me that they built Gutenberg blocks with ES5 because the amount of time required to configure, set up, and learn tools like Babel, Webpack, ESLint, Prettier, etc. wasn’t worth it. And I was like whaaaat?!
So, yes! I went ahead and built a solution — a zero-config-js #0CJS WordPress developers’ toolkit called
create-guten-block! Enough talk, let’s stop it right here and actually explore the toolkit.
It’s really easy to get started with
create-guten-block. Just install it as a global module and run it to create your next-gen Gutenberg block plugin for WordPress.
OK! OK! Let’s get you started!
→ STEP #0
If you don’t have
npm installed then read this step, otherwise jump to the Step #1 below.
In case you are an absolute beginner to the world of
npm packages — all you need to do is go to the Node’s site download + install Node on your system. This will install both
npm, i.e., node package manager — the command line interface of Node.js.
You can verify the install by opening your terminal app and typing…
# Results into v9.4.0 — make sure you have Node >= 8 installed.
→ STEP #1
# Results into 5.6.0 — make sure you have npm >= 5.2 installed.
create-guten-block globally on your system.
You’ll need to have Node >= 8 on your local development machine (but it’s not required on the server). You can use nvm(macOS/Linux) or nvm-windows to easily switch Node versions between different projects.
npx create-guten-block my-block
Hold on, it’ll take a couple of minutes to install.
→ STEP #2
Now all you have to do is create a Gutenberg block and start building. It’s done by running the
create-guten-block command and providing it with a unique name for a WordPress plugin that will get created. The name can a single word or hyphenated multiple words.
Make sure to run this command in your local WordPress install’s plugins folder i.e.
/local_dev_site.tld/wp-content/plugins/ folde — since this command will produce a WordPress Gutenberg block plugin that you can go to
WP Admin ︎
Plugins to activate.
Now let’s run the following command.
It will create a directory called
my-block inside the current folder. Inside that directory, it will generate the initial project structure and install the transitive dependencies:
| ├── blocks.build.js
| ├── blocks.editor.build.css
| └── blocks.style.build.css
| ├── block.js
| ├── editor.scss
| └── style.scss
No configuration or complicated folder structures, just the files you need to build your app.
→ STEP #3
Once the installation is done, you can open your project folder and run the start script.
Let’s do that.
You can also use
yarn start if that’s your jam.
This runs the plugin in development mode. To produce production code run
npm run build. You will see the build messages, errors, and lint warnings in the console.
And just like that, you’re building your next WordPress plugin with Gutenberg, React.js, ES 6/7/8/Next, transpiled with Babel, which also has ESLint configurations for your code editor to pick up and use automatically.
There are just three scripts that you can use in your
create-guten-block workflow. With these three scripts, you can develop, build, and eject your plugin.
- Use to compile and run the block in development mode.
- Watches for any changes and reports back any errors in your code.
npm run build
- Use to build production code for your block inside
- Runs once and reports back the gzip file sizes of the produced code.
npm run eject
- Use to eject your plugin out of
- Provides all the configurations so you can customize the project as you want.
- It’s a one-way street,
eject and you have to maintain everything yourself.
- You don’t normally have to
eject a project because by ejecting you lose the connection with
create-guten-block and from there onwards you have to update and maintain all the dependencies on your own.
That’s about it.
Too long, didn’t read? Here’s a shorter version.
Open the terminal app and run the following commands.
- 🔰 Install/Create:
npx create-guten-block my-block — Run inside local WP install E.g.
cd my-block — Open the newly created plugin directory.
npm start — For development.
npm run build — For production build.
npm run eject — To customize, update, and maintain all by yourself.
Create-Guten-Block has been tested to work on macOS, but must also work on Windows, and Linux. If something doesn’t work, kindly file an issue →
Updating to New Releases
Create Guten Block is divided into two packages:
create-guten-block is a global command-line utility that you use to create new WP Gutenberg plugins.
cgb-scripts is a development dependency in the generated plugin projects.
You almost never need to update
create-guten-block itself: it delegates all the setup to
cgb-scripts. But as this project matures, there might be a few changes over time and you can re-run the global install.
npx create-guten-block my-block
When you run
create-guten-block, it always creates the project with the latest version of
cgb-scripts so you’ll get all the new features and improvements in newly created plugins automatically.
To update an existing project to a new version of
cgb-scripts, open the changelog, find the version you’re currently on (check package.json in your plugin’s folder if you’re not sure), and apply the migration instructions for the newer versions.
In most cases bumping the
cgb-scripts version in the package.json and running
npm install in this folder should be enough, but it’s good to consult the changelog for potential breaking changes.
We commit to keeping the breaking changes minimal so you can upgrade
Read what’s new, improved, fixed, and if docs got updated.
Go read the entire changelog at this link — CGB Changelog →
Nothing’s ever complete, so bear with us while we keep iterating towards a better future.
'Coz every night I lie in bed
The brightest colors fill my head
A million dreams are keeping me awake
I think of what the world could be
A vision of the one I see
A million dreams is all it's gonna take
A million dreams for the world we're gonna make ...
… listen to → A million dreams!
I (Ahmad Awais) am a Full Stack Web Developer and a regular core contributor at WordPress. My significant other (Maedah Batool) is a Technical Project Manager, and she’s also a WordPress Core Contributor. Together with our team, we run the WPCouple.com.
If you’d like us to keep producing professional free and open source software (FOSS). Consider paying for an hour of my dev-time. We’ll spend two hours on open source for each contribution. Yeah, that’s right, you pay for one hour and get both of us to spend an hour as a thank you.
Project Backers &
This FOSS (free and open source software) project is built, updated and maintained with the help of awesome businesses listed below. Without the support from these amazing companies/individuals, this project would not have been possible. Make sure you check out their awesome services and products. They’ve earned it.
— What/How? Read more about it →
License & Attribution
MIT © Ahmad Awais.
This project is inspired by the work of more people than I could mention here. But thank you, Dan Abramov for Create React App, Andrew Clark, and Sophie Alpert from React.js team. Kent C. Dodds for his open source evangelism, WordPress Core Contributors, Gary for keeping everyone sane, Gutenberg developers Matias, Riad, Andrew, also of course Joen, Greg and contributors, and other WordPress community members like Zac for his course on Gutenberg, and also my friend Morten for all the #Guten-motivation, Icons8 for the awesome icons, Maedah for managing this project, and to everyone I forgot.
Yes, that’s not all done, yet. I have managed to change the codebase and release many updates by now, before actually announcing a stable release.
The next step is to get this toolkit tested and mature the entire app to release version
2.0.0 for that not only do I need your support, I ask that you hop on board and contribute — that’s the only way forward.
I have created a GitHub issue with the title of Creat Guten Block 2.0 Goals + Call for Contributors! In there I have listed a rough roadmap to version
Goals listed below — without any order of priority:
- At the time of writing,
create-guten-block and sister scripts have received 3,000+ downloads
- Get folks on React, Webpack, and Babel teams to review the configurations for best possible results
- More examples need to be documented. Especially a Multi-block example which is easy
- Babel 7, Webpack 4, upgrades to follow in the next major version of create-guten-block
- ESLint integration needs a refresher — ESLint + Prettier setup is already WIP
- Refactor code into small modules and maybe make small npm packages
- Improve inline documentation throughout the codebase
- Build more
cgb-dev-utils — separation of concerns
- Possible integrations: Service Workers from Google
- Possible integrations: Progressive Web Apps
.env file limited set of customizations
- Allow custom forks of
- Improve the entire Webpack defaults
- Webpack file handling done right
- Webpack image optimization
- Webpack Uglify ES6 plugin
- Webpack + BrowserSync
- Multi Block Examples
- Automated test suit
- Other stuff? #Suggest
- PR’s welcomed
What do you say? Comment below. And make sure you’ve stargazed the GitHub repo for updates!
create-guten-block was a lot of work. It’s easily one of the best software I’ve written and I have exciting improvements coming.
It would mean the world to me if you Tweet about it, try it out, and contribute.
Feel free to reach out and say on Twitter @MrAhmadAwais
JUST A NOTE!
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